By Peter Sherriff, Director of Product Strategy, APAC.

Asset owners globally are evaluating their operating model to determine what assets and investment activities should be managed internally and which make sense to outsource. Many asset owners with over USD30 billion AUM already view themselves as quasi asset managers, with some mix of assets managed in-house.

Several factors are driving this trend toward “rightsourcing”. Years of subpar after-fee returns by external asset managers have called active management into question. Rapid consolidation between pensions, driven in some jurisdictions by regulatory pressure, leaves firms looking for scale in order to consolidate current and future acquisitions. More recently, the massive dislocations and liquidity constraints in global markets have asset owners looking for greater flexibility and agility to respond to rapidly changing markets conditions.

In a recent State Street Growth survey*, 63% of APAC asset owners interviewed confirmed they are consolidating the number of outsourcing partners they use to focus on deeper, more strategic partnerships. The survey found that investment risk monitoring ranked highest on the list of activities asset owners in the region are looking to outsource. At the other end of the spectrum, less than a quarter of firms voiced an interest in outsourced client reporting.

Asset owners on the rightsourcing journey need to identify and prioritise the asset classes and investment operations that make sense to insource, establish robust governance protocols for managing assets, recruit and retain investment professionals across a number of front office roles, and on-board solutions and services required to support asset management.

Figure 1: Percent of asset owners consolidating/reducing their outsourcing partners


While the majority of assets held by APAC pensions are still managed externally, passive investing and option buy-write strategies are increasingly brought in-house. Asset owners are also managing “best ideas” strategies internally, sourced from insights into the asset classes, sectors and geographies external asset managers currently invest in. Regardless of the percentage of assets insourced, retaining some level of engagement with external asset managers helps asset owners keep informed and direct their investment strategy decisions.

Figure 2: Percent of asset owners identifying increased appetite for outsourced investment risk monitoring

Overlay management is next on the insourcing spectrum, providing a cost-effective way to manage and rebalance asset class exposures using highly liquid exchange traded futures. Buying and selling specific physical securities or holdings in a particular asset class can generate hundreds of trades. Exchange traded futures, or for some organisations index-based ETFs, can achieve the same exposure in a single trade, with the additional benefit of low transaction costs, extended market times, and the ability to easily gain positive or negative exposure.

More specialized activities such as sec-lending are typically still outsourced to custodians due to the high cost of internalisation, and the need for deep subject matter expertise and a strong understanding of counterparty risk and exposures.


Asset owner investment boards considering internal asset management must establish a strong governance framework to ensure that insourced assets are properly managed against the firm’s investment policy, risk budgets and return targets. Good governance is an active and ongoing process and should incorporate the same rigor that investment boards apply to external managers. Establishing clearly defined processes for measuring, monitoring and reporting on risk-adjusted performance, changes in asset allocation and expansion into new geographies is key to determining whether the promised benefits of insourcing are realised. Asset owners need to be able to clearly demonstrate to the board that the decision to insource asset management has provided cost savings and/or better returns. Ultimately, insourcing saves on third party management fees but needs to be balanced with the cost of hiring investment staff. Given the nature of the AUM-based fees, this is easier math for much larger institutions. As for better returns, organisations need to show performance against the same benchmarks they were measuring their external managers against.


Competition for investment management talent can prove challenging. In many countries, compensation structures in public-sector funds lag those in institutional asset management, creating challenges for asset owners looking to recruit and retain portfolio managers, traders and analysts.  One paradoxical bright spot is that recent asset manager downsizing has made more talent available for asset owners to hire. Technology plays a key role in helping meet the challenges of recruiting talent. An end-to-end platform with robust analytics, reporting, and multi-asset trading can help fill the gaps and play a meaningful part in helping the organisation achieve its investment goals


Depending on which asset classes and investment processes are prioritised for insourcing, assembling the right mix of technology solutions and outsourced services across the asset owner’s front, middle and back office is key to executing an effective rightsourcing strategy. Traditionally commoditised back office services such as fund administration, collateral management and securities lending may make sense to outsource, while high-value front office activities are top insourcing priorities.

Outsourced trading decisions vary by asset class, geography and trading frequency. Domestic equities can often be run internally, while more complex multi-asset and global products might best be served by outsourcing.

Key to bridging the front and back office is the Investment Book of Record (IBOR). Outsourced IBOR management provides asset owners with an independent source of start-of-day positions across custodians and back office service providers. By delivering consistent, near real-time cash and positions, asset owners can quickly invest new funds, rebalance over- and under-weight allocations, and establish hedges during bouts of market turmoil.


In the State Street Growth Survey mentioned earlier, when asked to prioritise what they value in an outsourcing provider, 81% of APAC asset owners cited robust business continuity plans. Also high on the list is a global presence across regions and having substantial size and scale. With a strong regional presence in APAC and a global footprint, State Street and Charles River offer this in a “follow-the-sun” support model for asset owners investing in multiple geographies.

Figure 3: Percent of asset owners listing robust business continuity plans as the top quality for outsourcing providers

In the front office, Charles River provides a multi-asset solution that APAC asset owners can leverage, including asset allocation, portfolio management, risk analytics, performance measurement including support for complex multi-manager structures.  State Street provides middle and back office services, outsourced trading and regulatory reporting to support their asset class mix.

For many APAC asset owners, this type of hybrid operating model can deliver operational efficiencies, support organisational resilience and enable flexibility to respond to changing market conditions. Partnering with a trusted global solution and services provider such as State Street can help firms ease that transition with minimal disruption.

*State Street Growth Readiness Study, Fourth Edition, Longitude Research, December 2020


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